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RAJASTHAN: A TRAVELERS GUIDE
A Northern State in the Indian topography, Rajasthan is bordered by 5 states namely Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Gujarat. Rajasthan is known as the land of the kings and rightfully so because many great kings of ancient India called this state it’s home and has used it for strategic and military advantage.
Rajasthan is largest and the 7th most populated state in India. The great Indian desert i.e. the Thar desert is also located here. Jaipur is the capital city of Rajasthan and is known as the ‘pink city’ as the entire city is hued in this color. The Aravalli range gives birth to the region of Mount Abu, a popular hill station in Rajasthan.
RAJASTHAN: An Overview
The diversity of Rajasthan is truly spellbinding. There are so many places to visit and explore. The ruins of the Indus valley civilization happen to be one such places where you can experience this ancient civilization at Kalibanga and Balathal. The Keoladeo National Park is another such place which is located at Bharatpur. The Park is announced as a world heritage site.
The state also houses many National Tiger Reserves. The most popular ones being The Ranthambore National Park which is in Sawai Madhopur, The Sariska Tiger Reserve which in Alwar and the Mukundra Hill Tiger Reserve which is in Kota.
LANGUAGES SPOKEN IN RAJASTHAN
Hindi and Marwari are the most popular languages spoken in Rajasthan. People also can get by with just English as the localities are now familiar with the language due to the magnitude of international tourists visiting every year.
TRAVELING TO RAJASTHAN
A major portion of revenue in Rajasthan is through tourism, therefore, the state is well connected via air transport be it for the domestic or international commute. The three most important airports are the Jodhpur airport, the Sanganer International airport in Jaipur and Dabok Airport in Udaipur.
You have railways and roadways connecting you to Rajasthan from all major cities of India and is one of the most economical and comfortable modes of transportation. The most important railway stations in Rajasthan are Ajmer, Alwar, Abu Road, Bharatpur, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Jaipur, Kota and Udaipur
Over 20 national highways pass through the state of Rajasthan which accounts to a distance of about 6300 km. NH-8 is the busiest of these highways which connect Mumbai and Delhi and runs through Ajmer, Chittorgarh, Jaipur, and Udaipur. You can either opt for self-drive or use one of the bus services if you want to travel by road.
Rajasthan offers a unique sensory experience for your taste buds as their unique cooking style and food habits are considerably different from the other Indian cuisines as a result of its arid weather and climatic conditions. The scarcity of food and water at times has allowed them to develop a cooking style where most of their dishes are shelved for days and can be served without being heated again.
Some of the most popular Rajasthani Dishes are:
Aam ki Launji
Badam ka Halwa
Dal Bati Churma
Gatte ka Pulao
Gatte ki Khichdi
Methi Bajra Poori
BEST TIME TO VISIT RAJASTHAN
Summers last from April to June. The general temperature range during this time is from 24°c – 45°c. If you are visiting Rajasthan during this season make sure you head out to places like Mount Abu, Ranakpur or Kumbhalgarh as the weather here is comparatively pleasant than the other parts of the state and the views are truly incredible. It is best to go out sightseeing during summers at the early morning hours or during the late evening.
Monsoon lasts from July to September. The general temperature range during this time is from 21°c – 35°c. The monsoon season completely changes the landscape of Rajasthan as the rain showers refresh the otherwise arid conditions. You can particularly visit the lakes and national reserves in and around Rajasthan during this time as the rain revives the water bodies and there is a lot of greenery all around turning landscapes very picturesque
Winter lasts from October to March. The general temperature range during this time is from 10°c – 27°c. The temperature does tend to vary a lot during this season sometimes reaching as low as 0°c. This is a good time to visit as the sun and heat are not as intense and the days are much more pleasant. This season invites a lot of tourists and a lot of cultural events are held during this period.
IMPORTANT PLACES IN RAJASTHAN
BEST PLACES TO VISIT IN RAJASTHAN
Also known as the pink city of India due to the distinct pink color of the buildings, Jaipur was established in 1727 by Sawai Jaisingh II the ruler of Amber. The entire city is planned as per Vaastu Shastra, the detailed architecture of the city invites thousands of tourists every month. The city has many different forts, monuments, religious sites, gardens, markets and more
Best tourist spots in Jaipur:
Amber Fort and Palace
Government Central (Albert Hall) Museum
Hawa Mahal (Palace of the Winds)
Jantar Mantar Observatory
Markets and Shopping
Museum of Legacies
Commonly known as the city of the lakes and also as ‘Venice of the east’, Udaipur was founded in 1553 by Maharana Udai Singh II the Sisodiya Rajput ruler. The city was founded as a plan to relocate from Chittor to a more secure location by the Mewari Rajput.
Located at the foothills of the Aravalli mountain ranges, Udaipur is an interesting visit as a number of palaces which have now been turned into hotels allow you to experience the rich culture and history of this city. The city is most famous for all its monuments and palaces.
Best tourist spots in Udaipur:
Ambrai Amet Haveli
Bagore Ki Haveli
Bhartiya Lok Kala Museum
Fateh Sagar Lake
Hathi Pol Bazaar
Karni Mata Temple
Saheliyon Ki Bari
The Monsoon Palace
Vintage Car Museum
Located at a distance of merely 250kms from the Indo-Pak border the city of Jodhpur is considered to be of strategic importance. The city was founded by Rao Jodha Singh the Rathore Rajput ruler of Marwar after the fall of their capital of Mandore. Since the weather is constantly bright and sunny all year around the city is also called as the Sun City. Jodhpur has often been listed in tourism magazines and travel documentaries.
Best tourist spots in Jodhpur:
Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park
Umaid Bhavan Palace
Founded in 1156 AD by Maharawal Jaisal Singh, the city was named Jaisalmer because the view of the city during the day gives the sand a golden coloured hue. The city is located in the heart of the Thar desert and is famous for its art, craft, and architecture.
Best tourist spots in Jaisalmer:
Amar Sagar Lake
Desert National Park
Patwon Ki Haveli
Salim Singh Ki Haveli
Sam Sand Dunes
Silk Route Art Gallery
Sonaron Ka Baas
In 1488 the Rajput ruler Rao Bika founded the city of Bikaner who was the son of Rao Jodha, the founder of Jodhpur. The city is famous for its sweets and snacks and also for its authentic Rajasthani cuisine. The city holds a lot of fairs which attracts a lot of tourists to the area.
Best tourist spots in Bikaner:
Bhandeswari Jain Temple
Camel Breeding Farm
Devi Kund Sagar Monument
Ganga Singh Museum
Karni Mata Temple
Sadul Singh Museum
Shiv Bari Temple
Shri Laxminath Temple
Soor Sagar Lake
One of the most popular pilgrimage sites in Rajasthan, Pushkar lies in the district of Ajmer. According to mythology, the Pushkar lake was created by the teas of the Hindu god Shiva which people consider to be sacred and visit the place for spiritual upliftment. The annual camel fair held in the city which is a five-day livestock fare is a huge tourist attraction and is usually accompanied by music and dance events.
Best tourist spots in Pushkar:
Man Mahal Palace
Merta (Place of Worship)
Naga Pahar Hill
Pap Mochani Temple
Pushkar Camel Ride
Jaipur | Birla Mandir | Amber Fort | Jal Mahal | City Palace | Jantar Mantar | Hawa Mahal | Ajmer | Pushkar | Lord Brahma Temple | Jodhpur | Ummaid Bhawan | Meharangaarh Fort | Mt. Abu | Udaipur | Lake Pichola | Fateh Sagar | Sehelion - Ki - Bari
Jodhpur | Ummaid Bhawan Palace | Meharangarh Fort | Jaswant Thada | Jaisalmer | Gadishar Lake | Folk Lore Museum | Sonar Kella | Patwon Ki Haveli | Jaisalmer | Junagarh Fort | Sheesh Mahal | Bikaner | Jaipur | Amber fort
Jaipur | Birla Mandir | Chokhi Dhani | Amber Fort | Jal Mahal | City Palace | Jantar Mantar | Hawa Mahal | Bikaner | Junagarh Fort | Sheesh Mahal | Prachina Museum | Lalgarh Palace | Jaisalmer Fort | Jodhpur | Mt. Abu
Jaipur | Bikaner | Jaisalmer | Jodhpur | Udaipur | Ajmer | Pushkar | Laxminarayan Temple | Chokhi Dhani | Amber Fort & Palace | Jal Mahal | City Palace & Museum | Jantar Mantar | Sheesh Mahal | Hawa Mahal | Umaid Bhawan Palace | Mehrangarh Fort
Udaipur | Jodhpur | Jaisalmer | Bikaner | Jaipur | Laxminarayan Temple | Chokhi Dhani | Amber Fort & Palace | Jal Mahal | City Palace & Museum | Jantar Mantar | Sheesh Mahal | Umaid Bhawan Palace | Mehrangarh Fort | Fateh Sagar |
Jaipur | Pushkar & Ajmer | Jodhpur | Mount Abu | Udaipur | Laxminarayan Temple | Chokhi Dhan | Amber Fort & Palace | Jal Mahal | Jantar Mantar | Hawa Mahal | Ajmer-e-Sharief Dargah | Pushkar Lake | Temple of Lord Brahma | Umaid Bhawan Palace | Mehrangarh Fort